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Haven Protocol (XHV), wallets, pools and exchangers

Haven

Copyright (c) 2017-2018 Haven Protocol

Copyright (c) 2014-2017 The Monero Project.
Portions Copyright (c) 2012-2013 The Cryptonote developers.

Resources

Introduction

Haven is an experimental cryptocurrency that proposes a new way of achieving a stable fiat value storage while still having free reign to be traded at market value.

Privacy: Haven uses a cryptographically sound system to allow you to send and receive funds without your transactions being easily revealed on the blockchain (the ledger of transactions that everyone has). This ensures that your purchases, receipts, and all transfers remain absolutely private by default.

Security: Using the power of a distributed peer-to-peer consensus network, every transaction on the network is cryptographically secured. Individual wallets have a 25 word mnemonic seed that is only displayed once, and can be written down to backup the wallet. Wallet files are encrypted with a passphrase to ensure they are useless if stolen.

Untraceability: By taking advantage of ring signatures, a special property of a certain type of cryptography, Haven is able to ensure that transactions are not only untraceable, but have an optional measure of ambiguity that ensures that transactions cannot easily be tied back to an individual user or computer.

Coin Supply & Emission

  • Total supply: 18,400,000 coins before tail emission and the coins that are minted and burned via offshore storage.
  • Coin symbol: XHV
  • Coin Units:
    • 1 picohaven/havnoshi = 0.000000000001 XHV (10^-12 -smallest unit)
    • 1 nanohaven = 0.000000001 XHV (10^-9)
    • 1 microhaven = 0.000001 XHV (10^-6)
    • 1 millihaven = 0.001 XHV (10^-3)
  • Hash algorithm: CryptoNight (Proof-Of-Work)

About this project

This is the core implementation of Haven. It is open source and completely free to use without restrictions, except for those specified in the license agreement below. There are no restrictions on anyone creating an alternative implementation of Haven that uses the protocol and network in a compatible manner.

License

See LICENSE.

Compiling Haven from source

Dependencies

The following table summarizes the tools and libraries required to build. A few of the libraries are also included in this repository (marked as "Vendored"). By default, the build uses the library installed on the system, and ignores the vendored sources. However, if no library is found installed on the system, then the vendored source will be built and used. The vendored sources are also used for statically-linked builds because distribution packages often include only shared library binaries (.so) but not static library archives (.a).

Dep Min. version Vendored Debian/Ubuntu pkg Arch pkg Optional Purpose
GCC 4.7.3 NO build-essential base-devel NO
CMake 3.0.0 NO cmake cmake NO
pkg-config any NO pkg-config base-devel NO
Boost 1.58 NO libboost-all-dev boost NO C++ libraries
OpenSSL basically any NO libssl-dev openssl NO sha256 sum
libzmq 3.0.0 NO libzmq3-dev zeromq NO ZeroMQ library
libunbound 1.4.16 YES libunbound-dev unbound NO DNS resolver
libsodium ? NO libsodium-dev ? NO libsodium
libminiupnpc 2.0 YES libminiupnpc-dev miniupnpc YES NAT punching
libunwind any NO libunwind8-dev libunwind YES Stack traces
liblzma any NO liblzma-dev xz YES For libunwind
libreadline 6.3.0 NO libreadline6-dev readline YES Input editing
ldns 1.6.17 NO libldns-dev ldns YES SSL toolkit
expat 1.1 NO libexpat1-dev expat YES XML parsing
GTest 1.5 YES libgtest-dev^ gtest YES Test suite
Doxygen any NO doxygen doxygen YES Documentation
Graphviz any NO graphviz graphviz YES Documentation

sudo apt-get install build-essential cmake pkg-config libboost-all-dev libssl-dev libzmq3-dev libunbound-dev libsodium-dev libminiupnpc-dev libunwind8-dev liblzma-dev libreadline6-dev libldns-dev libexpat1-dev libgtest-dev doxygen graphviz

[^] On Debian/Ubuntu libgtest-dev only includes sources and headers. You must build the library binary manually. This can be done with the following command sudo apt-get install libgtest-dev && cd /usr/src/gtest && sudo cmake . && sudo make && sudo mv libg* /usr/lib/

Build instructions

Haven uses the CMake build system and a top-level Makefile that invokes cmake commands as needed.

On Linux and OS X

  • Install the dependencies
  • Change to the root of the source code directory and build:

    cd haven
    make
    

    Optional: If your machine has several cores and enough memory, enable parallel build by running make -j<number of threads> instead of make. For this to be worthwhile, the machine should have one core and about 2GB of RAM available per thread.

    Note: If cmake can not find zmq.hpp file on OS X, installing zmq.hpp from https://github.com/zeromq/cppzmq to /usr/local/include should fix that error.

  • The resulting executables can be found in build/release/bin

  • Add PATH="$PATH:$HOME/haven/build/release/bin" to .profile

  • Run Haven with havend --detach

  • Optional: build and run the test suite to verify the binaries:

    make release-test
    

    NOTE: core_tests test may take a few hours to complete.

  • Optional: to build binaries suitable for debugging:

     make debug
    
  • Optional: to build statically-linked binaries:

     make release-static
    
  • Optional: build documentation in doc/html (omit HAVE_DOT=YES if graphviz is not installed):

    HAVE_DOT=YES doxygen Doxyfile
    

On the Raspberry Pi

Tested on a Raspberry Pi Zero with a clean install of minimal Raspbian Stretch (2017-09-07 or later) from https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian/. If you are using Raspian Jessie, please see note in the following section.

  • apt-get update && apt-get upgrade to install all of the latest software

  • Install the dependencies for Haven from the 'Debian' column in the table above.

  • Increase the system swap size:

    sudo /etc/init.d/dphys-swapfile stop  
    sudo nano /etc/dphys-swapfile  
    CONF_SWAPSIZE=1024  
    sudo /etc/init.d/dphys-swapfile start  
  • Clone haven and checkout most recent release version:
        git clone https://github.com/havenprotocol/haven.git
    cd haven
    git checkout tags/v0.11.0.0
  • Build:
        make release
  • Wait 4-6 hours

  • The resulting executables can be found in build/release/bin

  • Add PATH="$PATH:$HOME/haven/build/release/bin" to .profile

  • Run Haven with havend --detach

  • You may wish to reduce the size of the swap file after the build has finished, and delete the boost directory from your home directory

Note for Raspbian Jessie users:

If you are using the older Raspbian Jessie image, compiling Haven is a bit more complicated. The version of Boost available in the Debian Jessie repositories is too old to use with Haven, and thus you must compile a newer version yourself. The following explains the extra steps, and has been tested on a Raspberry Pi 2 with a clean install of minimal Raspbian Jessie.

  • As before, apt-get update && apt-get upgrade to install all of the latest software, and increase the system swap size
    sudo /etc/init.d/dphys-swapfile stop  
    sudo nano /etc/dphys-swapfile  
    CONF_SWAPSIZE=1024  
    sudo /etc/init.d/dphys-swapfile start  
  • Then, install the dependencies for Haven except libunwind and libboost-all-dev

  • Install the latest version of boost (this may first require invoking apt-get remove --purge libboost* to remove a previous version if you're not using a clean install):

    cd  
    wget https://sourceforge.net/projects/boost/files/boost/1.64.0/boost_1_64_0.tar.bz2  
    tar xvfo boost_1_64_0.tar.bz2  
    cd boost_1_64_0  
    ./bootstrap.sh  
    sudo ./b2  
  • Wait ~8 hours
    sudo ./bjam install

On Windows:

Binaries for Windows are built on Windows using the MinGW toolchain within MSYS2 environment. The MSYS2 environment emulates a POSIX system. The toolchain runs within the environment and cross-compiles binaries that can run outside of the environment as a regular Windows application.

Preparing the build environment

  • Download and install the MSYS2 installer, either the 64-bit or the 32-bit package, depending on your system.
  • Open the MSYS shell via the MSYS2 Shell shortcut
  • Update packages using pacman:

    pacman -Syuu  
    
  • Exit the MSYS shell using Alt+F4

  • Edit the properties for the MSYS2 Shell shortcut changing "msys2_shell.bat" to "msys2_shell.cmd -mingw64" for 64-bit builds or "msys2_shell.cmd -mingw32" for 32-bit builds
  • Restart MSYS shell via modified shortcut and update packages again using pacman:

    pacman -Syuu  
    
  • Install dependencies:

    To build for 64-bit Windows:

    pacman -S mingw-w64-x86_64-toolchain make mingw-w64-x86_64-cmake mingw-w64-x86_64-boost mingw-w64-x86_64-openssl mingw-w64-x86_64-zeromq mingw-w64-x86_64-libsodium
    

    To build for 32-bit Windows:

    pacman -S mingw-w64-i686-toolchain make mingw-w64-i686-cmake mingw-w64-i686-boost mingw-w64-i686-openssl mingw-w64-i686-zeromq mingw-w64-i686-libsodium
    
  • Open the MingW shell via MinGW-w64-Win64 Shell shortcut on 64-bit Windows or MinGW-w64-Win64 Shell shortcut on 32-bit Windows. Note that if you are running 64-bit Windows, you will have both 64-bit and 32-bit MinGW shells.

Building

  • If you are on a 64-bit system, run:

    make release-static-win64
    
  • If you are on a 32-bit system, run:

    make release-static-win32
    
  • The resulting executables can be found in build/release/bin

On FreeBSD:

The project can be built from scratch by following instructions for Linux above. If you are running haven in a jail you need to add the flag: allow.sysvipc=1 to your jail configuration, otherwise lmdb will throw the error message: Failed to open lmdb environment: Function not implemented.

We expect to add Haven into the ports tree in the near future, which will aid in managing installations using ports or packages.

On OpenBSD:

OpenBSD < 6.2

This has been tested on OpenBSD 5.8.

You will need to add a few packages to your system. pkg_add db cmake gcc gcc-libs g++ miniupnpc gtest.

The doxygen and graphviz packages are optional and require the xbase set.

The Boost package has a bug that will prevent librpc.a from building correctly. In order to fix this, you will have to Build boost yourself from scratch. Follow the directions here (under "Building Boost"): https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/blob/master/doc/build-openbsd.md

You will have to add the serialization, date_time, and regex modules to Boost when building as they are needed by Haven.

To build: env CC=egcc CXX=eg++ CPP=ecpp DEVELOPER_LOCAL_TOOLS=1 BOOST_ROOT=/path/to/the/boost/you/built make release-static-64

OpenBSD >= 6.2

You will need to add a few packages to your system. Choose version 4 for db. pkg_add db cmake miniupnpc zeromq.

The doxygen and graphviz packages are optional and require the xbase set.

Build the Boost library using clang. This guide is derived from: https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/blob/master/doc/build-openbsd.md

We assume you are compiling with a non-root user and you have doas enabled.

Note: do not use the boost package provided by OpenBSD, as we are installing boost to /usr/local.

# Create boost building directory
mkdir ~/boost
cd ~/boost

# Fetch boost source
ftp -o boost_1_64_0.tar.bz2 https://netcologne.dl.sourceforge.net/project/boost/boost/1.64.0/boost_1_64_0.tar.bz2

# MUST output: (SHA256) boost_1_64_0.tar.bz2: OK
echo "7bcc5caace97baa948931d712ea5f37038dbb1c5d89b43ad4def4ed7cb683332 boost_1_64_0.tar.bz2" | sha256 -c
tar xfj boost_1_64_0.tar.bz2

# Fetch a boost patch, required for OpenBSD
ftp -o boost.patch https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openbsd/ports/bee9e6df517077a7269ff0dfd57995f5c6a10379/devel/boost/patches/patch-boost_test_impl_execution_monitor_ipp
cd boost_1_64_0
patch -p0 < ../boost.patch

# Start building boost
echo 'using clang : : c++ : <cxxflags>"-fvisibility=hidden -fPIC" <linkflags>"" <archiver>"ar" <striper>"strip"  <ranlib>"ranlib" <rc>"" : ;' > user-config.jam
./bootstrap.sh --without-icu --with-libraries=chrono,filesystem,program_options,system,thread,test,date_time,regex,serialization --with-toolset=clang
./b2 toolset=clang cxxflags="-stdlib=libc++" linkflags="-stdlib=libc++"
doas ./b2 -d0 runtime-link=shared threadapi=pthread threading=multi link=static variant=release --layout=tagged --build-type=complete --user-config=user-config.jam -sNO_BZIP2=1 --prefix=/usr/local install

Build cppzmq

Build the cppzmq bindings.

We assume you are compiling with a non-root user and you have doas enabled.

# Create a library link so cmake is able to find it
doas ln -s /usr/local/lib/libzmq.so.4.1 /usr/local/lib/libzmq.so

# Create cppzmq building directory
mkdir ~/cppzmq
cd ~/cppzmq

# Fetch cppzmq source
ftp -o cppzmq-4.2.2.tar.gz https://github.com/zeromq/cppzmq/archive/v4.2.2.tar.gz

# MUST output: (SHA256) cppzmq-4.2.2.tar.gz: OK
echo "3ef50070ac5877c06c6bb25091028465020e181bbfd08f110294ed6bc419737d cppzmq-4.2.2.tar.gz" | sha256 -c
tar xfz cppzmq-4.2.2.tar.gz

# Start building cppzmq
cd cppzmq-4.2.2
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
doas make install

Build haven: env DEVELOPER_LOCAL_TOOLS=1 BOOST_ROOT=/usr/local make release-static

On Solaris:

The default Solaris linker can't be used, you have to install GNU ld, then run cmake manually with the path to your copy of GNU ld:

    mkdir -p build/release
    cd build/release
    cmake -DCMAKE_LINKER=/path/to/ld -D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release ../..
    cd ../..

Then you can run make as usual.

On Linux for Android (using docker):

    # Build image (select android64.Dockerfile for aarch64)
    cd utils/build_scripts/ && docker build -f android32.Dockerfile -t haven-android .
    # Create container
    docker create -it --name haven-android haven-android bash
    # Get binaries
    docker cp haven-android:/opt/android/haven/build/release/bin .

Building portable statically linked binaries

By default, in either dynamically or statically linked builds, binaries target the specific host processor on which the build happens and are not portable to other processors. Portable binaries can be built using the following targets:

  • make release-static-linux-x86_64 builds binaries on Linux on x86_64 portable across POSIX systems on x86_64 processors
  • make release-static-linux-i686 builds binaries on Linux on x86_64 or i686 portable across POSIX systems on i686 processors
  • make release-static-linux-armv8 builds binaries on Linux portable across POSIX systems on armv8 processors
  • make release-static-linux-armv7 builds binaries on Linux portable across POSIX systems on armv7 processors
  • make release-static-linux-armv6 builds binaries on Linux portable across POSIX systems on armv6 processors
  • make release-static-win64 builds binaries on 64-bit Windows portable across 64-bit Windows systems
  • make release-static-win32 builds binaries on 64-bit or 32-bit Windows portable across 32-bit Windows systems

Running havend

The build places the binary in bin/ sub-directory within the build directory from which cmake was invoked (repository root by default). To run in foreground:

./bin/havend

To list all available options, run ./bin/havend --help. Options can be specified either on the command line or in a configuration file passed by the --config-file argument. To specify an option in the configuration file, add a line with the syntax argumentname=value, where argumentname is the name of the argument without the leading dashes, for example log-level=1.

To run in background:

./bin/havend --log-file havend.log --detach

To run as a systemd service, copy havend.service to /etc/systemd/system/ and havend.conf to /etc/. The example service assumes that the user haven exists and its home is the data directory specified in the example config.

If you're on Mac, you may need to add the --max-concurrency 1 option to haven-wallet-cli, and possibly havend, if you get crashes refreshing.

Internationalization

See README.i18n.md.

Debugging

This section contains general instructions for debugging failed installs or problems encountered with Haven. First ensure you are running the latest version built from the Github repo.

Obtaining stack traces and core dumps on Unix systems

We generally use the tool gdb (GNU debugger) to provide stack trace functionality, and ulimit to provide core dumps in builds which crash or segfault.

  • To use gdb in order to obtain a stack trace for a build that has stalled:

Run the build.

Once it stalls, enter the following command:

gdb /path/to/havend `pidof havend`

Type thread apply all bt within gdb in order to obtain the stack trace

  • If however the core dumps or segfaults:

Enter ulimit -c unlimited on the command line to enable unlimited filesizes for core dumps

Enter echo core | sudo tee /proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern to stop cores from being hijacked by other tools

Run the build.

When it terminates with an output along the lines of "Segmentation fault (core dumped)", there should be a core dump file in the same directory as havend. It may be named just core, or core.xxxx with numbers appended.

You can now analyse this core dump with gdb as follows:

gdb /path/to/havend /path/to/dumpfile

Print the stack trace with bt

  • To run haven within gdb:

Type gdb /path/to/havend

Pass command-line options with --args followed by the relevant arguments

Type run to run havend

Analysing memory corruption

We use the tool valgrind for this.

Run with valgrind /path/to/havend. It will be slow.

LMDB

Instructions for debugging suspected blockchain corruption as per @HYC

There is an mdb_stat command in the LMDB source that can print statistics about the database but it's not routinely built. This can be built with the following command:

cd ~/haven/external/db_drivers/liblmdb && make

The output of mdb_stat -ea <path to blockchain dir> will indicate inconsistencies in the blocks, block_heights and block_info table.

The output of mdb_dump -s blocks <path to blockchain dir> and mdb_dump -s block_info <path to blockchain dir> is useful for indicating whether blocks and block_info contain the same keys.

These records are dumped as hex data, where the first line is the key and the second line is the data.

https://github.com/havenprotocol/haven

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